Bharatiya Janata Party

History and Policies of BJP in India


The BJP’s origin lies in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mukherjee. After the State of Emergency in 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party; it defeated the Congress party in the 1977 general election. After three years in power, the Janata party dissolved in 1980 with the members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP. Although initially remained unsuccessful, gained strength with time. I will discuss the brief history and policies of BJP in India in  the upcoming paragraphs.

After the 1998 general election, the BJP-led coalition known as the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee formed a government that lasted for a year. Following fresh elections, the NDA government, again headed by Vajpayee, lasted for a full term in office; this was the first non-Congress government to do so. In the 2004 general election, the NDA suffered an unexpected defeat, and for the next ten years the BJP was the principal opposition party. Long time Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi led it to a landslide victory in the 2014 general election. Since that election, Modi has led the NDA government as Prime Minister and at present, the alliance governs 16 states.

At present, PM Modi is at the top position in the party. Many also believe that victory in 2014 general election was only because of Modi.

Narendra Modi, in full Narendra Damodardas Modi, (born September 17, 1950, Vadnagar, India) was raised in a small town in northern Gujarat, and he completed an M.A. degree in political science from Gujarat University in Ahmedabad. He joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) organization in the early 1970s and set up a unit of the RSS’s students’ wing, the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, in his area.

Modi joined the BJP in 1987, and a year later he was made the general secretary of the Gujarat branch of the party.

In 1995 Modi was made the secretary of the BJP’s national organization in New Delhi, and three years later he was appointed its general secretary. Modi entered his first-ever electoral contest in a February 2002 by-election that won him a seat in the Gujarat state assembly. Modi’s political career thereafter remained a mixture of deep controversy and self-promoted achievements. His role as chief minister during communal riots that engulfed Gujarat in 2002 was particularly questioned. Although in the succeeding years Modi himself escaped any indictment or censure, either by the judiciary or by investigative agencies.

Modi’s repeated political success in Gujarat, however, made him an indispensable leader within the BJP hierarchy and led to his reintegration into the political mainstream. Projecting a manifesto for growth and development in Gujarat, the BJP was again victorious in the 2007 state assembly elections, and the party prevailed again in the 2012 polls. Both times Modi won his contests and returned as chief minister.


During his time as head of the Gujarat government, Modi established a formidable reputation as an able administrator and this helped to advance Modi’s position as not only the most-influential leader within the party but also a potential candidate for prime minister of India. In June 2013 Modi was chosen the leader of the BJP’s campaign for the 2014 elections to the Lok Sabha. He won and became the PM of India.

As prime minister, Modi oversaw a promotion of Hindu culture and the implementation of economic reforms. The government undertook measures that would broadly appeal to Hindus, such as its attempt to ban the sale of cows for slaughter. Among the most far-reaching was the demonetization and replacement of 500- and 1,000-rupee banknotes with only a few hours’ notice. The purpose was to stop “black money” cash used for illicit activities, by making it difficult to exchange large sums of cash. The following year the government centralized the consumption tax system by introducing the Goods and Services Tax (GST), which superseded a confusing system of local consumption taxes and eliminated the problem of cascading tax. GDP growth slowed from these changes, though growth had already been high (8.2 percent in 2015), and the reforms succeeded in expanding the government’s tax base. Still, rising costs of living and increasing unemployment disappointed many as grandiose promises of economic growth remained unfulfilled.

This disappointment registered with voters during the elections in five states in late 2018. The BJP lost in all five states, including the BJP strongholds of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Chhattisgarh. The rival Indian National Congress(Congress Party) won more state assembly seats than the BJP in all five elections. Many observers believed this portended bad news for Modi and the BJP in the national elections set for the spring of 2019, but others believed that Modi’s charisma would excite the voters.


If we talk about the condition of BJP after PM Modi, then there is definitely a future for BJP after Modi. There are many brilliant leader who are eligible to be the PM. Manohar Parrikar, the current Defence Minister is from my point of view the most eligible person after modi to take charge. Modi indirectly said that 2019 can be his last election and he is not willing to take 3rd term. Other than Parrikar, Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu will also be in contention. Other than these two Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis is also in line because, he is doing great work in Maharashtra itself and also has PM Modi’s confidence in him. There are many others like Arun Jetley, Nitin Gadkari, Sushma Swraj, Prakash Javdekar who can give BJP Very strong options to think.

So, there is no shortage of any talented person or leader to take the legacy of PM Modi forward.
This entry was tagged History of BJP Party in India.